Here at Nightcap HQ, we have a special alarm bell that rings every time a study about Baby Boomers shaming Millennials is published. (I’m kidding, of course, but we do have the internet and a nose for unfair generational disparities.)
It’s the Avocado Toast Debacle all over again. In case anyone forgot: In 2017, an Australian millionaire said Millennials couldn’t afford to buy homes because they’re dropping “$40 a day on smashed avocados and coffees and not working.”
Of course, generational misconceptions are nothing new. The idea that younger people don’t work as hard goes back to Ancient Greece, according researchers at the Policy Institute and the Institute of Gerontology at King’s College London.
“Young people today love luxury; they have bad manners, contempt for authority; they show disrespect for elders and love gossip in place of activity.” That sentiment, often attributed to Socrates, is over a thousand years old, but 51% of the British public agrees with it, researchers found.
Naturally, the internet had some opinions about the researchers’ findings.
- “It’s true. Millennials are just $19.99/month from being able to carry the mortgage on a $1 million home that Boomers bought for chewing gum and a couple packets of matches,” tweeted @StephenPunwasi.
- “You would have to cancel Netflix for 2,300 years to save enough to pay for the average home price in the US,” tweeted @femmissgeek
Even the researchers themselves expressed frustration with the narrative.
“The suggestion that the huge challenges young people face in buying their own home can be solved by skipping fancy coffees and Netflix entirely misses the point — but it’s still believed by half the public,” said Bobby Duffy, director of the Policy Institute at King’s College London.
Of course, Millennials’ inability to afford a home has nothing to do with our Netflix subscriptions (which, ironically, some of us still steal from our Boomer parents, thank you very much) or our daily $7 coffee (I’ll die renting before I give up my cold brew, you jerks).
Allow me to — *cracks knuckles* — briefly run through some of the real roadblocks to homeownership among people born between 1981 and 1996.
- We can’t afford it. The median home value in 1980 was $47,200, or $167,000 in today’s dollars. The median price of a single-family home in the first quarter of 2022 was more than two-and-a-half times more, at a whopping $428,700.
- We graduated into a financial and economic hellscape. Class of 2007, anyone?
- Crippling student debt. The college degree that all of our mentors promised would be the key to success has become an albatross for millions of graduates who can’t get their heads above water.
- Tighter lending standards. In the fallout of the 2008 recession, banks reined in their credit underwriting standards and made 20% down payments the norm. For a median-value home today, that’s an $86,000 down payment. LOLLLLLLL.
NUMBER OF THE DAY: 18%
“We appear to be entering a recession after a 10-plus year economic boom,” CEO Brian Armstrong wrote Tuesday. “A recession could lead to another crypto winter, and could last for an extended period.”
Bitcoin hit an all-time high of $69,000 in November 2021. Since then, the world’s most valuable cryptocurrency has lost two-thirds of its value, tumbling below $23,000 Tuesday. It has lost about 25% of its value since Friday.
Bears. Bulls. Two big, scary mammals that serve as Wall Street shorthand for the stock market’s general mood. Bear = pretty much everyone’s selling. Bull = pretty much everyone’s buying.
But how did these brawny beasts acquire their status as the default metaphors for stock market sentiment?
Let’s start with the bear.
- The term, according to Merriam-Webster, derives from “bearskin” which was used in the 18th century as a metaphor for speculative stock buying that’s known today as short-selling (aka betting that a stock will go down).
- It comes from a proverb warning not to “sell a bear’s skin before one has caught the bear.”
- Bearskin got shortened to bear, and here we are.
- The term caught on after the South Sea Bubble of 1720 (and again later, after the 1929 crash that led to the Great Depression). The scandal is complex, but the gist is that a bunch of British swindlers ran up the price of a company that never made a profit and caused a financial meltdown.
Whither the bull?
We’d have to ask (long dead) poet Alexander Pope why he selected the bull as the bear’s counterpart in this verse that alludes to his participation in the South Sea stock scandal:
Come fill the South Sea goblet full;
The gods shall of our stock take care:
Europa pleased accepts the Bull,
And Jove with joy puts off the Bear.
It’s entirely possible we got the term “bull” because Pope wanted something cool-sounding to rhyme with “full.”
One other theory…
There’s not a lot of evidence to support this one, but it’s made its way into Wall Street lore over the years, and it can be a helpful image for remembering what the two terms mean.
The idea is that a bear attacks by swiping its paws downward on its prey (downward swipe = stocks go down). A bull, on the other hand, thrusts its horns upward to gore the poor souls who cross its path (upward thrust = stocks go up).
There’s a bit of gruesome history linking bulls and bears in this way. Between the 1200s and 1600s in England, people would attend bull- and bear-baiting contests and gamble on the outcomes.
In that context, it’s not hard to see why modern trading is sometimes referred to as a bloodsport.